This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.