There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.