This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?