In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.