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Resources tagged with Factors and multiples similar to Square Subtraction:

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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

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Surprising Split

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

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Ducking and Dividing

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

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Always, Sometimes or Never? Number

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

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A Mixed-up Clock

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

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Divide it Out

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

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What Two ...?

Age 7 to 11 Short Challenge Level:

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

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Path to the Stars

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

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Three Dice

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

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Crossings

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

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Number Tracks

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

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A Dotty Problem

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

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Money Measure

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

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Odds and Threes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

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What Is Ziffle?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?

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Zios and Zepts

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

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In the Money

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

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What's in the Box?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

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Two Primes Make One Square

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

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Abundant Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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Flashing Lights

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

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Tom's Number

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

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Fitted

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

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It Figures

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

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The Moons of Vuvv

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

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Scoring with Dice

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

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What Do You Need?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

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Have You Got It?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

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Being Resilient - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

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One to Eight

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

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Three Neighbours

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

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Tiling

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

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Making Pathways

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

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Give Me Four Clues

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

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Factor Track

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

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Becky's Number Plumber

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

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Multiply Multiples 1

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

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Three Times Seven

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

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Ben's Game

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

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Multiply Multiples 3

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

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Got it for Two

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

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Factor Lines

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

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Gabriel's Problem

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

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Factor-multiple Chains

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

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Hot Pursuit

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

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Even So

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

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American Billions

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

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Curious Number

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

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Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

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Eminit

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?