Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?