One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.