This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Can you arrange fifteen dominoes so that all the touching domino pieces add to 6 and the ends join up? Can you make all the joins add to 7?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Investigate the totals you get when adding numbers on the diagonal of this pattern in threes.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

Can you go through this maze so that the numbers you pass add to exactly 100?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

On Planet Plex, there are only 6 hours in the day. Can you answer these questions about how Arog the Alien spends his day?

Number problems for you to work on with others.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In this game for two players, the aim is to make a row of four coins which total one dollar.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Some additional activities to develop children's understanding of addition and subtraction of number through playing with number.

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.