Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?

Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

In this problem you have to place four by four magic squares on the faces of a cube so that along each edge of the cube the numbers match.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?