Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Great Granddad is very proud of his telegram from the Queen congratulating him on his hundredth birthday and he has friends who are even older than he is... When was he born?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Can you find a cuboid that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Can you make lines of Cuisenaire rods that differ by 1?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.

Nine squares are fitted together to form a rectangle. Can you find its dimensions?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up or down?

Can you work out how many lengths I swim each day?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a coincidence?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

A game in which players take it in turns to choose a number. Can you block your opponent?

Using your knowledge of the properties of numbers, can you fill all the squares on the board?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?