Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

A game for 1 or 2 people. Use the interactive version, or play with friends. Try to round up as many counters as possible.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you find a cuboid that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

This article for teachers discusses examples of problems in which there is no obvious method but in which children can be encouraged to think deeply about the context and extend their ability to. . . .

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

When dice land edge-up, we usually roll again. But what if we didn't...?

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

A huge wheel is rolling past your window. What do you see?

Semi-regular tessellations combine two or more different regular polygons to fill the plane. Can you find all the semi-regular tessellations?

A standard die has the numbers 1, 2 and 3 are opposite 6, 5 and 4 respectively so that opposite faces add to 7? If you make standard dice by writing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on blank cubes you will find. . . .

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

How many different ways can I lay 10 paving slabs, each 2 foot by 1 foot, to make a path 2 foot wide and 10 foot long from my back door into my garden, without cutting any of the paving slabs?

Mathematics is the study of patterns. Studying pattern is an opportunity to observe, hypothesise, experiment, discover and create.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

The whole set of tiles is used to make a square. This has a green and blue border. There are no green or blue tiles anywhere in the square except on this border. How many tiles are there in the set?