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#### Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to Planning a School Trip:

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### Escape from the Castle

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

### Chameleons

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

### Arrange the Digits

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

### Score

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

### Like Powers

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n$ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

### The Patent Solution

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

### Hot Pursuit

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

### Pole Star Sudoku 2

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

### Alphabet Soup

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

### Sort Them Out (2)

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

### GOT IT Now

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

### Pair Sums

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

### Largest Number

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

### Football Sum

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

### Cows and Sheep

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

### Making Maths: Double-sided Magic Square

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

### As Easy as 1,2,3

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

### Numbers Numbers Everywhere!

##### Stage: 1 and 2

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

### Top-heavy Pyramids

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

### Got it Article

##### Stage: 2 and 3

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

### First Connect Three for Two

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

### Pairs

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .

### Cayley

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

### Shapes in a Grid

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

### One Wasn't Square

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

### How Much Did it Cost?

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

### All Seated

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

### And So on and So On

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?

### The Puzzling Sweet Shop

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

### Penta Post

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

### The Pied Piper of Hamelin

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

### Scoring with Dice

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

### Clock Face

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

### Napier's Bones

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

### Machines

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

What is happening at each box in these machines?

### Pouring the Punch Drink

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

### Cuisenaire Environment

##### Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level:

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

### Jugs of Wine

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

### Brothers and Sisters

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

### Sometimes We Lose Things

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

### Magic Squares for Special Occasions

##### Stage: 3 and 4

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

### Two Primes Make One Square

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

### The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

### Sealed Solution

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

### Wild Jack

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

### Zios and Zepts

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

### Make 100

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

### A Mixed-up Clock

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

### Number Tracks

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?