Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.