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Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to Method in Multiplying Madness?:

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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Digit Sum

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

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The Patent Solution

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

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Kids

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the numbers in this sum

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Alphabet Soup

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

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Like Powers

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

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Arrange the Digits

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

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As Easy as 1,2,3

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

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Being Collaborative - Primary Number

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

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Adding and Subtracting Positive and Negative Numbers

Stage: 3

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

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Being Resilient - Primary Number

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

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Largest Number

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

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Hot Pursuit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

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Jugs of Wine

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

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Making Sense of Positives and Negatives

Stage: 3

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

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Chameleons

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

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Diagonal Sums

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

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Numbers Numbers Everywhere!

Stage: 1 and 2

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

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Function Machines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

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Odds and Threes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

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Got it Article

Stage: 2 and 3

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

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Tis Unique

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

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Number Tracks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

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Gift Stacks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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1, 2, 3 Magic Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

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Dividing a Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

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The Deca Tree

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

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Rod Measures

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

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Two Primes Make One Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

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Magic Triangle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

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Zios and Zepts

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

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The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

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A Mixed-up Clock

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

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Clock Face

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

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Magic Squares 4x4

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

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Clever Keys

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

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Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

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Number Juggle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

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Buckets of Thinking

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

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Napier's Bones

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

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Abundant Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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How Many Eggs?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

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3388

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

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Got it for Two

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

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Book Codes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

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Escape from the Castle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

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Multiply the Addition Square

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

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Six Is the Sum

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

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Next Number

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

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Journeys

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.