There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

Investigate the totals you get when adding numbers on the diagonal of this pattern in threes.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

Can you go through this maze so that the numbers you pass add to exactly 100?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .

Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which things could she give exactly the right amount for?