Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.