Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A game in which players take it in turns to choose a number. Can you block your opponent?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?