On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Yasmin and Zach have some bears to share. Which numbers of bears can they share so that there are none left over?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?