After transferring balls back and forth between two bags the probability of selecting a green ball from bag 2 is 3/5. How many green balls were in bag 2 at the outset?
Before a knockout tournament with 2^n players I pick two players. What is the probability that they have to play against each other at some point in the tournament?
A man went to Monte Carlo to try and make his fortune. Is his strategy a winning one?
A gambler bets half the money in his pocket on the toss of a coin, winning an equal amount for a head and losing his money if the result is a tail. After 2n plays he has won exactly n times. Has. . . .
Two bags contain different numbers of red and blue marbles. A marble is removed from one of the bags. The marble is blue. What is the probability that it was removed from bag A?
Here are two games you have to pay to play. Which is the better bet?
Newspapers said that eating a bacon sandwich every day raises the risk of bowel cancer by 20%. Should you be concerned?
If everyone in your class picked a number from 1 to 225, do you think any two people would pick the same number?
These strange dice are rolled. What is the probability that the sum obtained is an odd number?
"Statins cut the risks of heart attacks and strokes by 40%"
Should the Professor take statins? Can you help him decide?
This article, for students and teachers, is mainly about probability, the mathematical way of looking at random chance.
It is believed that weaker snooker players have a better chance of winning matches over eleven frames (i.e. first to win 6 frames) than they do over fifteen frames. Is this true?
Some relationships are transitive, such as `if A>B and B>C then it follows that A>C', but some are not. In a voting system, if A beats B and B beats C should we expect A to beat C?
Can you devise a fair scoring system when dice land edge-up or corner-up?
If the score is 8-8 do I have more chance of winning if the winner is the first to reach 9 points or the first to reach 10 points?
Use this animation to experiment with lotteries. Choose how many balls to match, how many are in the carousel, and how many draws to make at once.
Explore the distribution of molecular masses for various hydrocarbons
A player has probability 0.4 of winning a single game. What is his probability of winning a 'best of 15 games' tournament?
You have two bags, four red balls and four white balls. You must put all the balls in the bags although you are allowed to have one bag empty. How should you distribute the balls between the two. . . .
How can we find out answers to questions like this if people often lie?
Investigate the molecular masses in this sequence of molecules and deduce which molecule has been analysed in the mass spectrometer.