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# Fixing the Odds

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Age 14 to 16

Challenge Level

- Problem
- Student Solutions

You have two bags, four red balls and four white balls. You must put all the balls in the bags although you are allowed to have one bag empty. Your friend chooses a bag at random and then chooses a ball at random from that bag. How should you distribute the balls between the two bags so as to make the probability that your friend will choose a red ball as small as possible and what will the probability be in that case?

How should you distribute the balls so as to make the probability of choosing a red ball as large as possible and what will the probability be in that case?

What happens if you have two bags, a hundred red balls and a hundred white balls?