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# Building up Friction

Links to the University of Cambridge website
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Nurturing young mathematicians: teacher webinars

30 April (Primary), 1 May (Secondary)

30 April (Primary), 1 May (Secondary)

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Age 16 to 18

Challenge Level

- Problem
- Student Solutions

*This problem consists of a sequence of ideas concerning the configuration of hoop and pole as shown in the diagram below.*

A rigid hoop of radius $r$ is attached to a vertical pole. A light ideal spring of unstretched length $L$ and spring constant $k$ is attached at one end at the point of contact of the hoop to the pole. A bead of mass $m$ is attached to the other end of the spring and the bead and spring are threaded onto the hoop, so they can slide around its circumference. |

If the hoop configuration is frictionless, what will be the possible range of positions of the bead for a stationary configuration?

What constants in the problem will affect the locations of these stationary positions? In particular, will they depend on the values of $r$ and $L$? Test your intuition by finding these values.

How will these results change if there is a coefficient of friction $\mu$ between the bead and the hoop? (The spring sliding around the hoop remains frictionless).

Can values of the constants be found so that the bead can remain stationary at any point on the hoop? Back up your conjecture with a mathematical analysis.

Imagine that the bead is stretched to a certain position and released. How many qualitatively different types of motion might result?