Challenge Level

We had a very large number of solutions sent - many of them were particularly pleasing as they included really good explanations as to how you were thinking. This is something we do wish to encourage.

As well as individual solutions coming in there were quite a number from groups of children at Oxgangs, Hotwells, St. Joseph's and Gateway schools. Thank you to the staff who gave the pupils opportunities to send in solutions. Here is a solution that came from Amanda and Paula.

Solution to the first pen-

First we started with trial and error to find out how many brown floppies

there would be. Then we found out that one wouldn't work so we tried two.

So if there were two brown floppies then there has to be two brown

ordinaries too. Then we wrote that and charted down the rest of the

categories like this-

Brown flop: 2

Brown ordinary: 2

Black flop : ?

Black ordinary: ?

White flop: ?

White ordinary: ?

After that we tried to find out what the white and black were.. So we knew

that there are three times as many blacks as whites. So if we put one next

to the white flop then three next to the black ordinary like this-

Brown flop: 2

Brown ordinary: 2

Black flop: ?

Black ordinary: 3

White flop: 1

White ordinary: ?

And we knew that it couldn't be black flop because if it was then there

are three with floppy ears that wouldn't work. And then we put in zeros

next to the empty ones like this-

Brown flop: 2

Brown ordinary: 2

Black flop: 0

Black ordinary: 3

White flop: 1

White ordinary: 0

And then we checked it and it worked.

Solution to the second pen-

First we did trial and error to try and find out how many floppy browns

there are. Then we started with one and we knew that couldn't be right

because brown ordinary has to be half of brown flop. There can only be one

ordinary so brown flop definitely had to be two. We put zeros next to all

the ordinaries because there can only be one ordinary and that is brown. We

wrote it out like this-

Brown flop: 2

Brown ordinary: 1

Black flop; ?

Black ordinary: 0

Grey flop: ?

Grey ordinary: 0

Then to find out what black flop was we added up both the browns and it

equaled three. We did that because there is the same number as blacks as

browns. We added it in like this-

Brown flop: 2

Brown ordinary: 1

Black flop: 3

Black ordinary: 0

Grey flop: ?

Grey ordinary: 0

So now all we need to work out is grey flop. And we knew that there are

the same number as floppy browns as floppy greys. Floppy brown is two so

grey flop is also two.So we put it like this-

Brown flop: 2

Brown ordinary: 1

Black flop: 3

Black ordinary: 0

Grey flop: 2

Grey ordinary: 0

Then we checked it and we found out it all worked out.