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### Number and algebra

### Geometry and measure

### Probability and statistics

### Working mathematically

### For younger learners

### Advanced mathematics

# Rationals Between...

### Why do this problem?

This problem investigates rational and irrational numbers. Along the way, there is the chance for some reasoned arguments and the search for counter-examples, while students are challenged to apply their understanding of fractions and decimals.
### Possible approach

### Key questions

### Possible extension

An interesting extension question to ponder is whether there are pairs of distinct irrational numbers without any rationals between them. An Introduction to Irrational Numbers might be of interest to students who enjoy working on this problem.
### Possible support

Students could develop their understanding of fractions with Keep it Simple.

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Age 14 to 16

Challenge Level

- Problem
- Getting Started
- Student Solutions
- Teachers' Resources

"Can you find a fraction between $\sqrt{65}$ and $\sqrt{67}$?

Give students a little bit of time to come up with ideas, and write up some of the fractions they've found.

"What values is it possible for the denominator to take? Can you find a denominator where there is no fraction that lies between $\sqrt{65}$ and $\sqrt{67}$?"

Again, give students some time to explore. Then share approaches, and if no-one has come up with something similar, show Charlie's and Alison's approaches from the problem.

"Your challenge is to find all the denominators where there is no fraction between $\sqrt{65}$ and $\sqrt{67}$, and to prove that you have found them all!"

Students may wish to use calculators, or investigate using a spreadsheet. Towards the end of the lesson, bring students together to discuss what they found, in particular, focussing on explanations why they know that after a certain point, every denominator will have a fraction in the specified range.

Give students a little bit of time to come up with ideas, and write up some of the fractions they've found.

"What values is it possible for the denominator to take? Can you find a denominator where there is no fraction that lies between $\sqrt{65}$ and $\sqrt{67}$?"

Again, give students some time to explore. Then share approaches, and if no-one has come up with something similar, show Charlie's and Alison's approaches from the problem.

"Your challenge is to find all the denominators where there is no fraction between $\sqrt{65}$ and $\sqrt{67}$, and to prove that you have found them all!"

Students may wish to use calculators, or investigate using a spreadsheet. Towards the end of the lesson, bring students together to discuss what they found, in particular, focussing on explanations why they know that after a certain point, every denominator will have a fraction in the specified range.

What happens to the gap between $\frac{p}{q}$ and $\frac{p+1}{q}$ as $q$ gets larger?

Can you make a regular hexagon from yellow triangles the same size as a regular hexagon made from green triangles ?