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Do Unto Caesar

At the beginning of the night three poker players; Alan, Bernie and Craig had money in the ratios 7 : 6 : 5. At the end of the night the ratio was 6 : 5 : 4. One of them won $1 200. What were the assets of the players at the beginning of the evening?

Plutarch's Boxes

According to Plutarch, the Greeks found all the rectangles with integer sides, whose areas are equal to their perimeters. Can you find them? What rectangular boxes, with integer sides, have their surface areas equal to their volumes?


Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

Keep it Simple

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Unit fractions (fractions which have numerators of 1) can be written as the sum of two different unit fractions.

For example

$\frac{1}{2} = \frac{1}{3} + \frac{1}{6}$

Charlie thought he'd spotted a rule and made up some more examples.

$\frac{1}{2} = \frac{1}{10} + \frac{1}{20}$

$\frac{1}{3} = \frac{1}{4} + \frac{1}{12}$

$\frac{1}{3} = \frac{1}{7} + \frac{1}{21}$

$\frac{1}{4} = \frac{1}{5} + \frac{1}{20}$

Are all his examples correct?

What do you notice about the sums that are correct?

Find some other correct examples..

How would you explain to Charlie how to generate lots of correct examples?

Alison started playing around with $\frac{1}{6}$ and was surprised to find that there wasn't just one way of doing this.

She found:

$\frac{1}{6} = \frac{1}{7} + \frac{1}{42}$

$\frac{1}{6} = \frac{1}{8} + \frac{1}{24}$

$\frac{1}{6} = \frac{1}{9} + \frac{1}{18}$

$\frac{1}{6} = \frac{1}{10} + \frac{1}{15}$

$\frac{1}{6} = \frac{1}{12} + \frac{1}{12}$ (BUT she realised this one didn't count because they were not different.)

Charlie tried to do the same with $\frac{1}{8}$. Can you finish Charlie's calculations to see which ones work?

$\frac{1}{8} = \frac{1}{9} + ?$

$\frac{1}{8} = \frac{1}{10} + ?$

$\frac{1}{8} = \frac{1}{11} + ?$


Can all unit fractions be made in more than one way like this?

Choose different unit fractions of your own to test out your theories.