Pedagogical Approaches

These articles focus on pedagogical aspects of primary classroom practice, including links to relevant research.

To see all the articles we publish for primary teachers, please see our CPD Articles for the Classroom.

Getting into and staying in the Growth Zone

In this article for teachers, Clare Lee and Sue Johnston-Wilder explain how the Growth Zone model can help develop resilience in our learners.

A Good Foundation for Number Learning for Five Year Olds?

Age 3 to 7

This article, written by Dr. Sue Gifford, evaluates the Early Learning Numbers Goal in England, in the light of research.

Using Dice Games in the Classroom

Age 3 to 11

This article outlines some of the benefits of using dice games in the classroom, especially as a tool for formative assessment.

Early Number Sense

Age 3 to 11

This article explores the basic foundations of number sense and outlines relevant research in this area.

Primary Children's Mathematical Recording

Age 3 to 11

This article for teachers outlines different types of recording, depending on the purpose and audience.

Models in Mind

Age 3 to 14

This article looks at how models support mathematical thinking about numbers and the number system

Exploration Versus Calculation

Age 5 to 11

This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.

Using Dice Here and There

Age 5 to 11

Bernard's article reminds us of the richness of using dice for number, shape and probability.

Developing Number Fluency - What, Why and How

Age 5 to 11

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

The Problem-solving Classroom

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers outlines issues to consider when developing an environment in which problem solving can thrive and links to a range of related NRICH tasks.

Hidden Gems: Tasks to Celebrate Our 20th Birthday

Age 5 to 11

This article for primary teachers outlines the reasons for us selecting the tasks in our Hidden Gems Feature.

Place Value as a Building Block for Developing Fluency in the Calculation Process

Age 5 to 11

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

Using NRICH Solutions as a Resource

Age 5 to 11

In this article for primary teachers, we suggest ways in which children's solutions on the NRICH site can be used as a teaching resource in their own right.

Opening Out

Age 5 to 11

Bernard Bagnall describes how to get more out of some favourite NRICH investigations.

Group-working Skills

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers suggests a range of activities to help children get better at working in groups.

Take Some ... Cubes

Age 5 to 11

In this article we outline how cubes can support children in working mathematically and draw attention to tasks which exemplify this.

NRICH at Every Stage

Age 5 to 11

Whether you are reflecting on the mathematical developments children have made over the year, or thinking about activities for a transition day this article offers plenty of ideas and tasks to support you.

Children's Mathematical Writing

Age 5 to 11

Bernard Bagnall discusses the importance of valuing young children's mathematical representations in this article for teachers.

Group-worthy Tasks and Their Potential to Support Children to Develop Independent Problem-solving Skills

Age 5 to 11

In this article for teachers, Jennie Pennant outlines how group-worthy tasks support the development of children's problem-solving skills.

Working with Higher Attaining Mathematicians

Age 5 to 11

In this article for teachers, Bernard describes ways to challenge higher-attaining children at primary level.

Developing a Classroom Culture That Supports a Problem-solving Approach to Mathematics

Age 5 to 11

This article offers you practical ways to investigate aspects of your classroom culture.

Using NRICH Tasks to Develop Key Problem-solving Skills

Age 5 to 11

This article, written for primary teachers, discusses what we mean by 'problem-solving skills' and draws attention to NRICH tasks which can help develop specific skills.

Manipulatives in the Primary Classroom

Age 5 to 11

In this article for teachers, Jenni Back offers research-based guidance about the use of manipulatives in the classroom.

Pupils' Recording or Pupils Recording

Age 5 to 14

This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the importance of not jumping to conclusions!

What's X Got to Do with It?

Age 5 to 16

By following through the threads of algebraic thinking discussed in this article, we can ensure that children's mathematical experiences follow a continuous progression.

Using Digital Manipulatives and Interactivities to Develop Curiosity

Age 5 to 16

In this short article, Alison and Liz explore how pupils' curiosity can be stimulated by digital environments.

Creating a Low Threshold High Ceiling Classroom

Age 5 to 18

This article explores the key features of a Low Threshold High Ceiling classroom.

Low Threshold High Ceiling - an Introduction

Age 5 to 18

In this article for teachers, we explain what is meant by Low Threshold High Ceiling tasks, and why we like them.

Using National Young Mathematicians' Award Tasks to Develop Problem-solving and Group-working Skills

Age 7 to 11

This article for primary teachers uses National Young Mathematicians' Award tasks as contexts in which to develop learners' problem-solving and group-working skills.

Back to the Practical?

Age 7 to 14

In this article for teachers, Bernard uses some problems to suggest that once a numerical pattern has been spotted from a practical starting point, going back to the practical can help explain why the pattern occurs.