Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can create?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

My cousin was 24 years old on Friday April 5th in 1974. On what day of the week was she born?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

If you had 36 cubes, what different cuboids could you make?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

Find all the different shapes that can be made by joining five equilateral triangles edge to edge.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?