I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

Replace the letters with numbers to make the addition work out correctly. R E A D + T H I S = P A G E

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.