Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"
Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?
Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?
What could the half time scores have been in these Olympic hockey matches?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?
Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.
What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?
Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.
When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?