This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

A game for 1 or 2 people. Use the interactive version, or play with friends. Try to round up as many counters as possible.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Seeing Squares game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

An extension of noughts and crosses in which the grid is enlarged and the length of the winning line can to altered to 3, 4 or 5.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

A game for 1 person. Can you work out how the dice must be rolled from the start position to the finish? Play on line.

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Make one big triangle so the numbers that touch on the small triangles add to 10.

If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Can you make a 3x3 cube with these shapes made from small cubes?

A game for 2 players. Given a board of dots in a grid pattern, players take turns drawing a line by connecting 2 adjacent dots. Your goal is to complete more squares than your opponent.

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

What is the least number of moves you can take to rearrange the bears so that no bear is next to a bear of the same colour?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

Can you predict when you'll be clapping and when you'll be clicking if you start this rhythm? How about when a friend begins a new rhythm at the same time?

Place the numbers 1, 2, 3,..., 9 one on each square of a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows and columns add up to a prime number. How many different solutions can you find?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?

For this task, you'll need an A4 sheet and two A5 transparent sheets. Decide on a way of arranging the A5 sheets on top of the A4 sheet and explore ...