What is the total area of the four outside triangles which are outlined in red in this arrangement of squares inside each other?
What does the overlap of these two shapes look like? Try picturing it in your head and then use some cut-out shapes to test your prediction.
Have you ever tried tessellating capital letters? Have a look at these examples and then try some for yourself.
Have a look at what happens when you pull a reef knot and a granny knot tight. Which do you think is best for securing things together? Why?
A group activity using visualisation of squares and triangles.
Use the lines on this figure to show how the square can be divided into 2 halves, 3 thirds, 6 sixths and 9 ninths.
Here are more buildings to picture in your mind's eye. Watch out - they become quite complicated!
Can you work out what shape is made by folding in this way? Why not create some patterns using this shape but in different sizes?
Make a flower design using the same shape made out of different sizes of paper.
Have a go at making a few of these shapes from paper in different sizes. What patterns can you create?
Can you work out what shape is made when this piece of paper is folded up using the crease pattern shown?
Move four sticks so there are exactly four triangles.
We can cut a small triangle off the corner of a square and then fit the two pieces together. Can you work out how these shapes are made from the two pieces?
Paint a stripe on a cardboard roll. Can you predict what will happen when it is rolled across a sheet of paper?
What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover this area?
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
Can you describe a piece of paper clearly enough for your partner to know which piece it is?
What is the greatest number of squares you can make by overlapping three squares?
Choose a box and work out the smallest rectangle of paper needed to wrap it so that it is completely covered.
Can you split each of the shapes below in half so that the two parts are exactly the same?
Move just three of the circles so that the triangle faces in the opposite direction.
How can you paint the faces of these eight cubes so they can be put together to make a 2 x 2 x 2 cube that is green all over AND a 2 x 2 x 2 cube that is yellow all over?
Can you cut up a square in the way shown and make the pieces into a triangle?
Looking at the picture of this Jomista Mat, can you decribe what you see? Why not try and make one yourself?
Eight children each had a cube made from modelling clay. They cut them into four pieces which were all exactly the same shape and size. Whose pieces are the same? Can you decide who made each set?
A game has a special dice with a colour spot on each face. These three pictures show different views of the same dice. What colour is opposite blue?
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Try to picture these buildings of cubes in your head. Can you make them to check whether you had imagined them correctly?
You have been given three shapes made out of sponge: a sphere, a cylinder and a cone. Your challenge is to find out how to cut them to make different shapes for printing.
Make a cube out of straws and have a go at this practical challenge.
Imagine a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made of 9 small cubes. Each face of the large cube is painted a different colour. How many small cubes will have two painted faces? Where are they?
Reasoning about the number of matches needed to build squares that share their sides.
For this task, you'll need an A4 sheet and two A5 transparent sheets. Decide on a way of arranging the A5 sheets on top of the A4 sheet and explore ...
Why do you think that the red player chose that particular dot in this game of Seeing Squares?
This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.
Exploring and predicting folding, cutting and punching holes and making spirals.
I've made some cubes and some cubes with holes in. This challenge invites you to explore the difference in the number of small cubes I've used. Can you see any patterns?
This practical problem challenges you to make quadrilaterals with a loop of string. You'll need some friends to help!
How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?
This second article in the series refers to research about levels of development of spatial thinking and the possible influence of instruction.
Can you cut a regular hexagon into two pieces to make a parallelogram? Try cutting it into three pieces to make a rhombus!
Can you visualise what shape this piece of paper will make when it is folded?
What shape is made when you fold using this crease pattern? Can you make a ring design?
This problem invites you to build 3D shapes using two different triangles. Can you make the shapes from the pictures?
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?
Billy's class had a robot called Fred who could draw with chalk held underneath him. What shapes did the pupils make Fred draw?
If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?
Imagine a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. If you and a friend drill holes in some of the small cubes in the ways described, how many will have holes drilled through them?
Use the three triangles to fill these outline shapes. Perhaps you can create some of your own shapes for a friend to fill?
What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?