What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
This practical investigation invites you to make tessellating shapes in a similar way to the artist Escher.
Can you create more models that follow these rules?
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.
How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Investigate the number of paths you can take from one vertex to another in these 3D shapes. Is it possible to take an odd number and an even number of paths to the same vertex?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?
Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?
What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?
Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?
An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.
Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?
Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?
We need to wrap up this cube-shaped present, remembering that we can have no overlaps. What shapes can you find to use?
We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.
Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?
Have a go at this 3D extension to the Pebbles problem.
A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?
How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?
How many models can you find which obey these rules?
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.
This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.
How many faces can you see when you arrange these three cubes in different ways?
Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?
Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.
In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?
I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
In this investigation, we look at Pascal's Triangle in a slightly different way - rotated and with the top line of ones taken off.
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?
How many tiles do we need to tile these patios?
This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.
This challenge involves calculating the number of candles needed on birthday cakes. It is an opportunity to explore numbers and discover new things.
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?
In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?