If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

This challenge involves calculating the number of candles needed on birthday cakes. It is an opportunity to explore numbers and discover new things.

Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean in the context of primary classrooms.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.