Can you rank these sets of quantities in order, from smallest to largest? Can you provide convincing evidence for your rankings?
Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!
Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.
This article for teachers gives some food for thought when teaching ideas about area.
My measurements have got all jumbled up! Swap them around and see if you can find a combination where every measurement is valid.
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
Imagine different shaped vessels being filled. Can you work out what the graphs of the water level should look like?
Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular window is a wonderful example.
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
Explore this interactivity and see if you can work out what it does. Could you use it to estimate the area of a shape?
Measure problems for inquiring primary learners.
What is the total area of the four outside triangles which are outlined in red in this arrangement of squares inside each other?
Measure problems for primary learners to work on with others.
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?
A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?
Measure problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Choose a box and work out the smallest rectangle of paper needed to wrap it so that it is completely covered.
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?
Measure problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Grandpa was measuring a rug using yards, feet and inches. Can you help William to work out its area?
What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover this area?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?
This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.
You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure you obey the rules?
Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
My local DIY shop calculates the price of its windows according to the area of glass and the length of frame used. Can you work out how they arrived at these prices?
It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?
What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?
These rectangles have been torn. How many squares did each one have inside it before it was ripped?
These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?