Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Jack has nine tiles. He put them together to make a square so that two tiles of the same colour were not beside each other. Can you find another way to do it?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.