Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is
between each super-eclipse?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one
layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same
colour are next to each other in any direction?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They
decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with
each of the others. What was the total number rides?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?
How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and
Bharat live in.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next
to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M.
What order were they in?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the
month from the 1st to the 31st.
If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days
as possible, how many days can their fun last?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the
lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?
Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks
and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make
another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more
and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the
outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you
find for me to take?
Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.