This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?