This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?