During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

The pages of my calendar have got mixed up. Can you sort them out?

In this matching game, you have to decide how long different events take.

Alice's mum needs to go to each child's house just once and then back home again. How many different routes are there? Use the information to find out how long each road is on the route she took.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

My cousin was 24 years old on Friday April 5th in 1974. On what day of the week was she born?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.