Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

In this matching game, you have to decide how long different events take.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.