What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds. What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you are given?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

This activity asks you to collect information about the birds you see in the garden. Are there patterns in the data or do the birds seem to visit randomly?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?

We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in one shop, where would be the cheapest?

Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?

Follow the directions for circling numbers in the matrix. Add all the circled numbers together. Note your answer. Try again with a different starting number. What do you notice?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?

Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

A challenging activity focusing on finding all possible ways of stacking rods.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

Many natural systems appear to be in equilibrium until suddenly a critical point is reached, setting up a mudslide or an avalanche or an earthquake. In this project, students will use a simple. . . .

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.