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Can you match these calculation methods to their visual representations?

In this article for primary teachers, Ems outlines how we can encourage learners to be flexible in their approach to calculation, and why this is crucial.

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Can you spot the mistake in this video? How would you work out the answer to this calculation?

Related resources supporting pupils' understanding of multiplication and division through playing with numbers.

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Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

More resources to support understanding multiplication and division through playing with numbers

Some additional activities to develop children's understanding of addition and subtraction of number through playing with number.

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Order these four calculations from easiest to hardest. How did you decide?

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George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

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A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

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Which two items of fruit could Kate and Sam choose? Can you order the prices from lowest to highest?

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A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

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Can you put these four calculations into order of difficulty? How did you decide?

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This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

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Practise your number bonds whilst improving your memory in this matching pairs game.

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A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

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This is a game for two players. What must you subtract to remove the rolled digit from your number? The first to zero wins!

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Number problems for inquiring primary learners.

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Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

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Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?

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Sally and Ben were drawing shapes in chalk on the school playground. Can you work out what shapes each of them drew using the clues?

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Practise your tables skills and try to beat your previous best score in this interactive game.

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A game for 2 players. Using 2 dice, some counters and a games board, can you form a line of counters from one side of the board to the other?

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A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

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Can you spot the similarities between this game and other games you know? The aim is to choose 3 numbers that total 15.

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What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

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An ordinary set of dominoes can be laid out as a 7 by 4 magic rectangle in which all the spots in all the columns add to 24, while those in the rows add to 42. Try it! Now try the magic square...

What would you do if your teacher asked you add all the numbers from 1 to 100? Find out how Carl Gauss responded when he was asked to do just that.

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These grids are filled according to some rules - can you complete them?

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Place the numbers 1, 2, 3,..., 9 one on each square of a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows and columns add up to a prime number. How many different solutions can you find?