What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

My briefcase has a three-number combination lock, but I have forgotten the combination. I remember that there's a 3, a 5 and an 8. How many possible combinations are there to try?

Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered each sandwich.

How many different triangles can you draw on the dotty grid which each have one dot in the middle?

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Start with three pairs of socks. Now mix them up so that no mismatched pair is the same as another mismatched pair. Is there more than one way to do it?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

El Crico the cricket has to cross a square patio to get home. He can jump the length of one tile, two tiles and three tiles. Can you find a path that would get El Crico home in three jumps?

This problem focuses on Dienes' Logiblocs. What is the same and what is different about these pairs of shapes? Can you describe the shapes in the picture?

In this town, houses are built with one room for each person. There are some families of seven people living in the town. In how many different ways can they build their houses?

What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these two grids?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

How many different ways can you find to join three equilateral triangles together? Can you convince us that you have found them all?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Roll two red dice and a green dice. Add the two numbers on the red dice and take away the number on the green. What are all the different possible answers?

Can you see who the gold medal winner is? What about the silver medal winner and the bronze medal winner?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Number problems for lower primary that will get you thinking.