This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?