How many different colours would be needed to colour these different patterns on a torus?

An account of how axioms underpin geometry and how by changing one axiom we get an entirely different geometry.

This article (the first of two) contains ideas for investigations. Space-time, the curvature of space and topology are introduced with some fascinating problems to explore.

How do we measure curvature? Find out about curvature on soccer and rugby balls and on surfaces of negative curvature like banana skins.

Consider these weird universes and ways in which the stick man can shoot the robot in the back.

This article outlines the underlying axioms of spherical geometry giving a simple proof that the sum of the angles of a triangle on the surface of a unit sphere is equal to pi plus the area of the. . . .

Two places are diametrically opposite each other on the same line of latitude. Compare the distances between them travelling along the line of latitude and travelling over the nearest pole.

Use simple trigonometry to calculate the distance along the flight path from London to Sydney.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem for right-angled spherical triangles.

Shows that Pythagoras for Spherical Triangles reduces to Pythagoras's Theorem in the plane when the triangles are small relative to the radius of the sphere.