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Matter of Scale

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

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Conical Bottle

A right circular cone is filled with liquid to a depth of half its vertical height. The cone is inverted. How high up the vertical height of the cone will the liquid rise?

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Using a ruler, pencil and compasses only, it is possible to construct a square inside any triangle so that all four vertices touch the sides of the triangle.

Similar Rectangles

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The smaller of two similar rectangles has height $2$ units; the larger rectangle has length $6$ units.

If one rectangle has twice the area of the other, find the length of the smaller rectangle.

This problem is taken from Tony Gardiner's 'Extension Mathematics Gamma' book.