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Odd Differences

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

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Factorial

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

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Rachel's Problem

Is it true that $99^n$ has 2n digits and $999^n$ has 3n digits? Investigate!

Triangular Triples

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Three numbers a, b and c are a Pythagorean triple if $a^2+ b^2= c^2$. The triangular numbers are:

$\frac{1\times 2}{2}, \frac{2\times 3}{2}, \frac{3\times 4}{2}, \frac{4\times 5}{2}$

Show that 8778, 10296 and 13530 are three triangular numbers and that they form a Pythagorean triple.

[In fact, these are the ONLY known set of three triangular numbers that form a Pythagorean triple.]