You may also like

Crossing the Bridge

Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?

Coins

A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out what the coins are?

Colouring Curves Game

In this game, try not to colour two adjacent regions the same colour. Can you work out a strategy?

Flow Chart

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Why do this problem?

This problem is about flow charts, factors and prime factorisation.

Possible approach

Teachers can present the flow chart to students and ask them to try to figure out what to do with it. A table of values can be drawn on the board to collect results.

There won't be an obvious algebraic relationship emerging but this might be a good opportunity to emphasise the need to look at the underlying mathematics rather than just the values. Discussion with the group can draw out comments and observations about what the flow chart is doing.

Students can then be directed to the questions in the problem.

If the group hasn't had much experience of using flow charts, some time could be set aside to discuss the merits of flow charts (efficient, clear, unambiguous) and some of their drawbacks (repetitive, tedious - try starting with a large prime number!).

Possible extension

Students can be asked to produce a flow chart that finds the Highest Common Factor or Lowest Common Multiple of two inputs. Half the class could work on the HCF while the other half works on the LCM. They could then swap and test each other's flow charts.

Possible support

Suggest to students that they use a table of values to keep track of M, D and N as they change.