### Matter of Scale

Can you prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors?

### Overlap

A red square and a blue square overlap. Is the area of the overlap always the same?

# IFFY Triangles

##### Age 14 to 18Challenge Level

Here are four triangle facts for you to prove, in two groups of two.

1(a)

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with angles $A$, $B$ and $C$ where $A \le B \le C$ and $A$, $B$ and $C$ form an arithmetic progression.

Prove that $B=60^{\circ}$.

1(b)

$XYZ$ is a triangle with angles $X$, $Y$ and $Z$ and we have $Y = 60^{\circ}$.

Prove that $X$, $Y$ and $Z$ form an arithmetic progression.

2(a)

$PQR$ is a triangle with length $PQ$ equal to length $QR$.

Prove that angles $P$ and $R$ are equal.

2(b)

$KLM$ is a triangle with equal angles $K$ and $M$.

Prove that the lengths $KL$ and $LM$ are equal.

Can you write each pair as a single "If and only if" statement?