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### For younger learners

# Quartics

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Age 16 to 18

Challenge Level

Sketch graphs of

$$y = \left[1 + (x - t)^2\right]\left[1 + (x + t)^2\right]$$

for $t = -1/2$, $1/2$ and $2$. You will see that these graphs have 'different shapes'. Suppose the parameter $t$ varies, then the general shape of the graph varies continuously with $t$. Show that the graph always has a shape similar to the examples above and find the values of $t$ at which there are transitions from one shape to another.

Show without recourse to any calculating aid that 7^{1/2} + 7^{1/3} + 7^{1/4} < 7 and 4^{1/2} + 4^{1/3} + 4^{1/4} > 4 . Sketch the graph of f(x) = x^{1/2} + x^{1/3} + x^{1/4} -x

In this 'mesh' of sine graphs, one of the graphs is the graph of the sine function. Find the equations of the other graphs to reproduce the pattern.