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Fitting In

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest equilateral triangle which fits into a circle is LMN and PQR is an equilateral triangle with P and Q on the line LM and R on the circumference of the circle. Show that LM = 3PQ

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Zig Zag

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

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Folding Squares

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

Just Opposite

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

$A$ and $C$ are the opposite vertices of a square $ABCD$, and have coordinates $(a,b)$ and $(c,d)$, respectively.

What are the coordinates of the other two vertices?

What is the area of the square?

How generalisable are these results?