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# Flexi Quad Tan

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Age 16 to 18

Challenge Level

Consider any convex quadrilateral $Q$ made from four rigid rods
with flexible joints at the vertices so that the shape of $Q$ can
be changed while keeping the lengths of the sides constant. If the
diagonals of the quadrilateral cross at an angle $\theta$ in the
range $(0 \leq \theta < \pi/2)$, as we deform $Q$, the angle
$\theta$ and the lengths of the diagonals will change.

Using the results of the two problems on quadrilaterals
Diagonals for Area and
Flexi Quads prove that the area of $Q$ is proportional to
$\tan\theta$.

A triangle PQR, right angled at P, slides on a horizontal floor with Q and R in contact with perpendicular walls. What is the locus of P?

Four rods are hinged at their ends to form a quadrilateral. How can you maximise its area?

ABCD is a rectangle and P, Q, R and S are moveable points on the edges dividing the edges in certain ratios. Strangely PQRS is always a cyclic quadrilateral and you can find the angles.